How to Write the Introduction and Results Sections of a Research Paper: Tips & Examples

Written By: Carl E. Plaisance
Published On: Sep 12,2023


When it comes to research paper writing, crafting an engaging and informative introduction and presenting well-structured results are crucial for grabbing your reader's attention and conveying the significance of your work. Whether you're a seasoned paper writer or just starting with essay writing, understanding how to create effective introductions and results sections is essential. In this article, we'll delve into the key aspects of these sections, provide valuable tips, and offer examples to help you write an impressive research paper.


The introduction is the gateway to your research paper. It serves the purpose of providing context, presenting the problem or question you're addressing, and outlining the objectives of your study. Here are some essential tips to consider when writing the introduction of your research paper:

Start with a Hook

Begin your introduction with a compelling hook that grabs the reader's attention. This could be an interesting fact, a relevant quote, or a thought-provoking question related to your research paper topic. For instance:

  • Example: "Did you know that the world's bee population has been declining at an alarming rate? In this research paper, we delve into the factors contributing to this decline and propose strategies to mitigate its impact."


Provide Background Information

After the hook, provide some background information on the topic to help readers understand its importance. You can discuss the current state of knowledge, relevant research, or any historical context.

  • Example: "The decline in the bee population is a pressing concern for both ecologists and farmers alike. Previous studies have linked this decline to pesticide use, habitat loss, and climate change."


State the Problem and Purpose

Clearly state the problem or question your research paper addresses and articulate the purpose of your study. This gives readers a clear understanding of what to expect.

  • Example: "This research paper aims to investigate the impact of neonicotinoid pesticides on honeybee populations and propose sustainable farming practices that can help protect these vital pollinators."


Outline the Structure

Briefly outline the structure of your research paper, mentioning the key sections you will cover. This gives readers a roadmap for navigating your paper.

  • Example: "In the following sections, we will first review the literature on neonicotinoid pesticides and bee populations. Next, we will present our research methods and findings, followed by a discussion of the implications and recommendations for future research."


Results: Presenting Your Findings

The results section is where you present the findings of your research. It should be structured logically, making it easy for readers to understand and interpret your data. Whether you're using an essay typer or writing your paper manually, here are some tips for crafting an effective results section:


Use Clear and Concise Headings

Organize your results with clear and descriptive headings. This helps readers navigate the section and locate specific information easily.

  • Example: Effect of Neonicotinoid Exposure on Bee Mortality

Present Data Effectively

Choose the appropriate format for presenting your data. Tables, graphs, and charts can be powerful tools to convey information visually.

  • Example: "Figure 1: Bee Mortality Rates in Neonicotinoid-treated and Control Groups Over a 12-week Period."

Describe Your Findings

For each piece of data presented, provide a concise description of what the results mean. Avoid interpreting the data in this section; save that for the discussion.

  • Example: "In the neonicotinoid-treated group, bee mortality rates steadily increased over the 12-week period, while the control group showed a more stable trend."

Relate to Research Objectives

Always relate your findings back to the research objectives stated in the introduction. This demonstrates the relevance of your study and how it addresses the problem.

  • Example: "These findings support our research objective of understanding the impact of neonicotinoid exposure on bee mortality rates."

Be Transparent

Be transparent about your methods, including any limitations or potential sources of bias. This adds credibility to your research.

  • Example: "It's important to note that our study had a limited sample size, which may have influenced the results. Additionally, environmental factors not considered in this study could also play a role in bee mortality."



In conclusion, the introduction in essay writing and results sections of a research paper requires careful consideration and attention to detail. By starting with a captivating hook, providing essential background information, and clearly stating the problem and purpose, you can engage your readers from the beginning. In the results section, organize your findings logically, use visual aids effectively, and relate your data back to your research objectives to create a compelling narrative.

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